September 8: Archaeology of the 1680 Pueblo Revolt

Recent archaeological research casts new light on the aftermath and changes wrought by this transformative event. Archaeologists Matthew Liebmann (Harvard University) and Michael Wilcox (Stanford University) discuss their insights.

  Matthew Liebmann     Michael Wilcox     Question & Answer Session  

Matthew Liebmann is the John and Ruth Hazel Associate Professor of the Social Sciences, Department of Anthropology, Harvard University.  He is the author of Revolt: An Archaeological History of Pueblo Resistance and Revitalization in 17th Century New Mexico (University of Arizona Press 2012).  He has published research in American Anthropologist, the Journal of Field ArchaeologyKiva: The Journal of Southwestern Anthropology and History, the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Proceedings of the Royal Society B, and Plains Anthropologist, and he is the co-editor (with Uzma Rizvi) of Archaeology and the Postcolonial Critique (Altamira Press, 2008) and (with Melissa Murphy) of Enduring Conquests: Rethinking the Archaeology of Resistance to Spanish Colonialism in the Americas (SAR Press, 2011).   Liebmann received his PhD in Anthropology from the University of Pennsylvania in 2006, and served as the Tribal Archaeologist and NAGPRA Program Director for the Pueblo of Jemez from 2003-2005.

Michael Wilcox joined the Department of Cultural and Social Anthropology at Stanford University in 2001 as an Assistant Professor. His dissertation, entitled “The Pueblo Revolt of 1680: Communities of Resistance, Ethnic Conflict and Alliance Formation Among Upper Rio Grande Pueblos,” articulates the social consequences of subordination, and explores the processes of boundary maintenance at both regional and communal levels. During his graduate studies at Harvard, he was very involved in strengthening the Harvard University Native American Program and in designing and teaching award-winning courses in Native American Studies.

His recent publications include: The Pueblo Revolt and the Mythology of Conquest: An Indigenous Archaeology of Contact, University of California Press (2009) (book blog at:http://www.ucpress.edu/blog/?p=5000); Marketing Conquest and the Vanishing Indian: An Indigenous Response to Jared Diamond’s Guns, Germs, and Steel and Collapse; Journal of Social Archaeology, Vol. 10, No. 1, 92-117 (2010); Saving Indigenous Peoples From Ourselves: Separate but Equal Archaeology is Not Scientific Archaeology”, American Antiquity 75(2), 2010; NAGPRA and Indigenous Peoples: The Social Context, Controversies and the Transformation of American Archaeology, in Voices in American Archaeology: 75th Anniversary Volume of the Society for American Archaeology, edited by Wendy Ashmore, Dorothy Lippert, and Barbara J. Mills (2010).

Professor Wilcox’s main research interests include Native American ethnohistory in the American Southwest; the history of Pueblo Peoples in New Mexico; Indigenous Archaeology; ethnic identity and conflict; DNA, race and cultural identity in archaeology and popular culture; and the political and historical relationships between Native Americans, anthropologists and archaeologists.

September 22: Frontera! Revolt and Rebellion on the Rio Grande

Filmmaker Juan Jota Leaños (UC Santa Cruz), anthropologist Aimee Villarreal (Our Lady of the Lakes University), and Lee Moquino (Santa Clara Pueblo) will screen and discuss an animated film about the Pueblo Revolt.

  Frontera! Revolt and Rebellion on the Rio Grande  

John Jota Leaños is an award-winning mestizo new media artist using animation, documentary and performance focusing on the convergence of memory, social space and decolonization. Leaños’ animation work has been shown internationally at festivals and museums including the Sundance Film Festival, the Morelia International Film Festival, Mexico, San Francisco International Festival of Animation, the KOS Convention 07, and the Museum of Contemporary Art, San Diego. Leaños has also exhibited at the 2002 and 2008 Whitney Biennial in New York, the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, Museum of Contemporary Art in Los Angeles, and Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Leaños is a Guggenheim Fellow in Film (2012), Creative Capital Foundation Grantee and has been an artist in residence at the University of California, Santa Barbara in the Center for Chicano Studies, Carnegie Mellon University in the Center for Arts in Society, and the Headlands Center for the Arts. Leaños is currently an Associate Professor of Social Documentary at the University of California, Santa Cruz.

Dr. Villarreal completed her PhD in Anthropology at the University of California at Santa Cruz in 2014. Currently, she is Assistant Professor and Program Director of Comparative Mexican American Studies at Our Lady of the Lake University. As a scholar/activist and media producer, Dr. Villarreal has been engaged in what she terms anthropolocura in the US-Mexico borderlands for over a decade. She has conducted fieldwork in Colorado, Texas, New Mexico, and northern México and has taught courses in Anthropology, Mexican American Studies and Latin American Studies. Her research focuses on transnational migration, the politics of immigration, and religious revitalization movements in the borderlands. She served as media director and policy analyst for Somos Un Pueblo Unido, New Mexico’s statewide immigrant rights organization based in Santa Fe (2010 – 2014) and wrote her dissertation about the Sanctuary Movement in the tri-state region and the connections between immigrant rights activism and religious revitalization movements. Dr. Villarreal is also a documentary film producer and works on collaborative social documentation projects with Latino and Native American communities. She co-produced and was the lead researcher for the award-winning documentary animation, Frontera! : Revolt and Rebellion on the Río Grande (2014). Villarreal completed a post-doctoral fellowship at the Southwest Hispanic Research Institute at the University of New Mexico (2014) and received a Ford Foundation Fellowship and residency at the School of Advanced Research while writing her dissertation (2011 – 2012). Her book project, Latina/o Secularities, explores contemporary intersections of faith and politics.

Lee Moquino- Coyote Clan, is from the Santa Clara and Zia Pueblos, deeply rooted in tradition Lee practices both the Ancient Tradition of the people and Catholicism. As a spiritual leader and artist Lee is able to share much of his time and talents with the world. His professional career is dedicated to advocating and serving families and children prenatal to teen years.

 October 6: Comanches and Genízaros in Taos

Archaeologist Lindsay Montgomery (U Arizona), folklorist Enrique Lamadrid (U New Mexico) on the historical and cultural impact of Comanches in Taos, and anthropologist Gregorio Gonzales (UT Austin) on Genízaro identity.

  Lindsay Montgomery     Enrique Lamadrid     Gregorio Gonzales     Question & Answer Session  

Dr. Lindsay Montgomery is an assistant professor in the Department of Anthropology at the University of Arizona where she teaches and writes about colonialism, mobility, and indigenous ontology.  Dr. Montgomery received a Bachelor’s degree in Anthropology and Human Rights from Columbia University in 2008 and completed her Ph.D. in anthropological archaeology from Stanford University in 2015. Her dissertation research focused on Ute, Apache, and Comanche encampment practices and iconographic traditions in seventeenth and eighteenth century New Mexico. Her current research explores the historical relationships between nomads and New Mexicans and how these relationships are manifested materially and immaterially.

Dr. Enrique R. Lamadrid taught folklore, literature, and cultural history at the University of New Mexico. His research interests include ethnopoetics, folk religion and festival, traditional narrative, and folk music in greater Mexico and beyond. Since the ultimate context for traditional culture is bio-region, he has long been involved in environmental education and research. He now edits the “Querencias” series on spirit of place at UNM Press.

His fieldwork on the cultural and political influence of Comanches in New Mexico culminated in his 2003 book ‘Hermanitos Comanchitos’: Indo-Hispano Rituals of Captivity and Redemption. Awards for his books include the Chicago Folklore Prize, the Pablita Velarde Prize of the NM Historical Society, and the Southwest Book Award (for three titles). The American Folklore Society awarded him the Américo Paredes for his community based museum and cultural work, and in 2009, the NM Historical Society awarded him the Gilberto Espinosa Prize for his work on the intangible cultural heritage of the Camino Real de Tierra Adentro.  

An elected official, Lamadrid is president of the Alamos de los Gallegos Acequia Association in Albuquerque’s north valley. One of his celebrated children’s books is Juan the Bear and the Water of Life: La Acequia de Juan del Oso, which combines the history of the acequias in the beautiful Mora valley with the famous Juan del Oso cycle of traditional cuentos. 

Gregorio Gonzales (Genízaro) is a husband, father, and Ph.D. Candidate in Sociocultural Anthropology and Borderlands Anthropology at The University of Texas at Austin. Graduating from The University of New Mexico in 2012 with his master’s degree (with Distinction) in Latin American Studies, and earning his B.A. degree (with Honors) from New Mexico State University in 2010, Gregorio’s dissertation work examines the politics of recognition, cultural representation, and subject formation in northern New Mexico through the lens of Genízaro identity within Genízaro communities in the Taos and Chama valleys–including his own. In addition to prestigious fellowships with the Smithsonian Institution and The University of Texas at Austin, Gregorio has been named the 2016-2017 Katrin H. Lamon Resident Scholar at the School for Advanced Research, and has been selected as a 2016 Fellow with the Institute for Critical Social Inquiry at The New School for Social Research in New York. Outside of academia, Gregorio is a member of the current 2016-2017 cohort of the Americans for Indian Opportunity (AIO) Ambassadors Program, a leadership development effort designed to assist early to mid-career Native American/Indigenous professionals in strengthening, within a cultural context, their ability to build community capacity and improve the quality of life, well-being, and growth of their respective communities, and Indigenous peoples across the U.S. and around the world.

October 20: The Colonial Indo-Hispano Landscape

The Colonial Indo-Hispano Landscape October 20 Archaeologist Jun Sunseri (UC Berkeley) and community collaborators Dr. Charlie Carrillo, Isabel Trujillo, and Virgil Trujillo discuss the colonial Indo-Hispano landscape of Abiquiu.

  The Colonial Indo-Hispano Landscape     Question & Answer Session  

My research focuses on colonialism, foodways, landscapes, historical archaeology, preservation and heritage in the western US and northern South Africa. Members of my research cluster bring together complementary lines of evidence of varied types and spatial scales, including analysis of archaeological ceramic and faunal assemblages related to domestic foodways and GIS analysis of remote sensing, geophysical survey, and excavation data to reveal tactical, engineering, and ritual patterning of cultural landscapes. By placing these suites of data in dialogue with each other, we seek more robust explanations of the ways that communities expressed various aspects of their identities in different contexts and scales of social performance. Related to these research foci are the relationships between colonization and the historical transformation of indigenous landscapes, foodways, and identities.

As an archaeologist, I am especially interested in the potential for examining these issues through the analysis of material culture and technology but I think it is vitally important to approach research projects as multidimensional processes that are both archaeological and contemporary.  Close collaboration with living communities in the narrative building process and as full partners in research design and implementation is central to the work of our research cluster. Towards this end, I am committed to research with community partners and agencies in Rio Arriba County, New Mexico, Mono County, California, and Tshimbupfe Musanda in Limpopo Province.  I answer to the communities who trace their heritage to the sites where we work. As a guest, I value my partnerships with descendants, residents, and teachers interested in including ethnohistory and archaeological science in political recognition, local curriculum, and land and water rights struggles.

Charles Carrillo has blended craft, conservation, and innovation throughout his career as a santero, a carver and painter of images of saints. The depiction of saints for religious purposes dates to the 18th century in Hispanic New Mexican communities. Carrillo started his creative journey in 1978 when he began researching the techniques, materials, and subject matter of the early santeros. Today he is recognized not only as the primary authority on this subject but also as the most accomplished artist practicing in this regional tradition.

Testimony to his skills are his many awards, including the Museum of International Folk Art’s Hispanic Heritage Award, as well as numerous First Place, Best of Show, and Grand Prize entries in the Annual Traditional Spanish Market in Santa Fe. In 2006 he received the Lifetime Achievement Award at the Spanish Market and the prestigious NEA National Heritage Fellowship.

Carrillo earned a doctorate in anthropology/archaeology from the University of New Mexico, but his true commitment to tradition has led him to work within the religious community of northern New Mexico as an artist and an advocate.  A generous mentor, Charlie has inspired numerous artists to pursue the native techniques, values, and devotional spirit of the santeros. 

Isabel is a Grant Writer and has served as Director for El Pueblo de Abiquiu Library and Cultural Center for over10 years.  She has a youth extension for the NM Acequia Association Sembrando Semillas program group that participated in RIC (Rooted In Community) conference in Olympia Washington this year to support how the Squaxtin and Nasqually native people are battling for fishing rights and against Salmon GMO’s.  

Virgil and Isabel have 3 children and live in the Pueblo de Abiquiu where they have been married almost 33 years and are both lifetime residents.
Virgil Trujillo was the Ranchlands Superintendant for Ghost Ranch for more than 20 years and has served on the Valles Caldera Board of Trustees appointed by President Bush and President Obama.  He is a rancher and has been mayordomo on his acequia for about 10 years.
Virgil and Isabel have 3 children and live in the Pueblo de Abiquiu where they have been married almost 33 years and are both lifetime residents.

Dr. Sylvia Rodriguez

Sylvia Rodríguez is a native Taoseña and professor emerita of anthropology and former director of the Ortiz Center for Intercultural Studies at the University of New Mexico. Her research and publications have focused on interethnic relations in the Upper Rio Grande Valley of New Mexico, where over the past three decades she has studied the cultural impacts of tourism and conflict over land and water on ritual and on ethnic identity. Currently she works collaboratively with acequia (traditional irrigation) organizations and with researchers in various disciplines on acequia sustainability and resilience, and the politics and anthropology of water. Her publications include numerous journal articles, book chapters, and two prize-winning books: The Matachines Dance: Ritual Symbolism and Interethnic Relations in the Upper Rio Grande Valley, and Acequia: Water Sharing, Sanctity, and Place.